Ami Fitri Utami, SE., MSM
“Gender stratification is the stratification of individuals based on biological sex and the socially derived gender roles attached to sex”. Laura auf der Heide
Stratifying a person based on his or her gender & age has always been a nature in society. On the other hands, organizations as the part of society are often facing numbers of dilemmas on managing their employees’ gender and age issues.
The classifications of job based on gender are frequently happened both in social and work life. However, in social life we usually being aware of gender when ones deviates from conventional behavior and expectations. This is happened because our social exposition of gender continues to define the significant of different expectation between males and females.
Parsons and Bales in Schaefer (2011) claimed that in working life, women mostly take the expressive, emotionally supportive role while men are mostly takes the instrumental, practical role. From this “functionalist view” it was also contended that the men’s role are attached to instrumentality which emphasis on task, and a focus on external relationship between the family and other social institution. While men focusing on external relation, women by their expressiveness mostly concern on maintaining balance and the internal relation within the family.
While men and women are having their own role to complement each other, the discrimination & harassment case which oppressed two parties are often happened. In organization there are two kinds of sexual harassment form which are the quid pro quo and hostile environment form. The quid pro quo form happened when the fulfillment of sexual harassment will influence the victim’s job (i.e: promotions, bonuses, etc). On the other hands, the hostile environment often happened by bullying the minority gender in a workplace.
All in all, the role of organizations in those stratification and discrimination issues are to build a conducive and positive environment for both gender which will accommodates same opportunities in their career.
Refference : Schaefer, Richard T. 2006. Sociology: A Brief Introduction. Sixth Edition. International Edition. McGraw-Hill. Chapter 11 (Stratification by gender and age)
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