Ami Fitri Utami, SE., MSM
In the early management era, it was shown that management evolution significantly occurred during the pre-industrialization and the industrialization periods. In the pre-industrialization era management practices were already applied in several civilization eras around the world. As the time goes by and the new technology discovered, the new era which known as the industrialization era has brought a new opportunities and problems in the perspective of management. One of the main problems of the early industrialization era was labor. With the massive growth of factories, the availability of skilled labor were less than the unskilled labor since most of the workers were unskilled agrarian workforce. In this early industrialization era there are other problems occurred such as problems in planning, organizing and controLling. These problems occurred since the characteristic of factory is different with the business in the pre-industrialization era.
In the early management thought era, there were individuals who pioneered in proposing solutions to the problems occurred in the earliest industrial organization. There are Robert Owen with his interest to the “heart”. Charles Babbage who known with his appeal to the “mind” and Andrew Ure who more focused on teaching his experiences, finally there is Charles Dupin who start the management classes as education in France.
Beside the evolution from pre-industrialization into industrialization era and the pioneer who proposed the solutions of the problem occur, the emergence of railroads as a transportation revolution and the telegraph as the telecommunication revolution also start the point of the growth of U.S Enterprise. With the occurrence of the growth, the need of more systematic management arise which also was a prelude of what came to be known as scientific management.
In the era of early management thought the main problem which usually discussed was the lack of availability of the skilled labor which caused further problems to the factory. Most of the management experts in this era also unable to see management as a whole system, most of the view and the idea is still only feasible in the specified industry or even specified parts.
Reference : Daniel A. Wren (2005)
“The History of Management Thought”, 5th Edition
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